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Pronouns

A pronoun takes the place of a noun.

Example story:

Mary is one of the heads of the ToJi Corporation. Mary works with Mr. James and Mr. James' son Tom. Mr. James and Mr. James' son Tom are experts in biochemistry. Mary, Mr. James, and Tom researched and invented a drug for cancer treatment.

If the story above is written using pronouns:

Mary is one of the heads of the ToJi Corporation. She works with Mr. James and his son Tom. He and his son Tom are experts in biochemistry. They researched and invented a drug for cancer treatment.

Personal Pronouns

Personal pronouns refer to a person:

  • I go to school.
  • You are a student.
  • They are Koreans.
  • He works here.
  • We gave her food.
The word ‘it' refers to an object:

  • I drank it.
  • It is big.
  • They cut it into halves.
Memorize the personal pronouns:

FirstSecondThird
MaleFemaleNeutral
Singular SubjectIyouhesheit
Singular Objectmeyouhimherit
Singular Reflexivemyselfyourselfhimselfherselfitself
Plural Subjectweyouthey
Plural Objectusyouthem
Plural Reflexiveourselvesyourselvesthemselves


[Quiz 4.1]

Write the correct pronoun in each blank.

1)I ate an apple.                     was delicious.
2)You look tired.                     should rest.
3)She is a teacher. I gave                    a book.
4)They are my friends. I like                     very much.
5)He saw the movie.                     was fun.

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